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Since 1843 and well into the 1940s, her factory produced items that were almost indistinguishable in quality and used forged Meissen marks that looked practically identical, like the intertwined AR initials, especially in the beginning.Her company was later taken to court by Meissen, and their marks begun to be more distinct and different, such as the famous “crowned D” mark, on pieces still revered as great works of Decorative Arts.
Clay and terracotta were well known since the ancient Greek times, thousands of years before porcelain entered the scene, but the sparkling whiteness of porcelain was much more desired - and elusive.
As a consequence, porcelain was imported in large numbers from China and Japan, who had also mastered the art of porcelain early on, and became the prized possessions of many an Aristocrat or Royal Palaces in Europe.
After analyzing this local “mud”, they finally came up with a mixture of Kaolin and Clay that, after several refinements in terms of the required proportions, yielded the desired properties to be the first “real” porcelain ever made in a Western country. Within a couple of years, in 1710, Augustus II the Strong, the then ruler of Saxony where the towns of Meissen and Dresden are located, financed and established a factory, with Bottger as its first Director (Tschirnhaus died in 1708).
This was the very first porcelain manufacturer in Europe and was appropriately named “Royal Porcelain Manufactory in Meissen” only a few miles away from Dresden.
This is particularly true for certain regions in the world that have a rich tradition in porcelain making, usually because there are several factories or studios in the area.